According to the Orthodontist Melbourne Group, dental cavities are a common occurrence especially in older people. The reason for this is the age of the teeth. Age of the teeth is one the many causes for tooth decay. After every meal, bacteria in the mouth, convert the remaining sugar to acidic compounds. These acids react with the enamel of the teeth slowly thinning it out. Over time the enamel gets thin enough so bacteria can attack the layers below the enamel. This is when the tooth starts to decay.
While bacteria maybe the main culprit here, their effects can be greatly avoided with the proper care for teeth. Without the right care, the enamel in teeth will get wasted. Once a tooth starts to decay, it creates dental cavities in the tooth. These dental cavities then further trap food particles causing more acids to be produced and allowing for more bacteria to grow. Eventually the dental cavities get so bad, you start experiencing pain, due to the infection of the tooth.
Once this happens, the only solution is to visit the dentist. As there is no cure for dental cavities, the only option is to either fill in the cavity or to extract the tooth. The extracted tooth may then be replaced with a denture. If, however, the cavity is not that deep and most of the tooth is still intact, it can be filled in with an amalgam. Although this may solve the problem, it is only a temporary solution. Bacteria may still be able to attack the teeth. In addition after a certain period of time, the amalgam may fall out, in which case a new filling may have to be done.
In recent years, it has become a very common sight to see very young kids with decayed teeth according to the Orthodontist Melbourne Group. Some have decayed beyond just small dental cavities; whole teeth have decayed leaving them the half rotten bits of tooth. The main reason behind this is the high sugar intake of these kids. The high sugar intake together with bad oral hygiene leads to continuous high levels of acidity in the mouth. This can be easily avoided by implementing good oral hygiene. Brushing teeth regularly, flossing or even simply washing your mouth with mouthwash will not just prevent ugly dental cavities but also allow you to maintain that beautiful smile. For more severe cases, there are other treatments such as specials toothpastes and dental sealants; which prevent food from being trapped between teeth.